Wednesday, 6 February 2013

SMEs can boost relationship between EU and Latin America/Caribbean


THERE is a role for small businesses to boost relations between the Caribbean, Latin America and Europe.

This is according to the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) and the European Association of Chambers of Commerce and Industry (EuroChambres).

They said that micro, small and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs) can boost those relations given their substantial share in the economic activity of both regions’ countries.

This is one of the conclusions of the document financed by the AL-INVEST Programme, Building SME competitiveness in the European Union and Latin America and the Caribbean. Policy proposals by the private sector were presented by Alicia Bárcena, Executive Secretary of ECLAC, and Arnaldo Abruzzini, Secretary General of EUROCHAMBRES, at the 4th CELAC-EU Business Summit held at the Hotel W in Santiago, Chile.

The business meeting was held as part of the First Summit of Heads of State and Government of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC) and European Union (EU), which was opened last Saturday in the Chilean capital.

According to Alicia Bárcena: “There needs to be more co-ordination between public policies and private sector actions to break the vicious circle that limits SME performance. As part of deepening CELAC-EU relations, we call on SMEs to be strategic players in the inclusive development of both regions’ countries.”

Arnaldo Abruzzini stated: “There is no growth and no job creation in Europe or Latin America without small companies! Thus, increasing their competitiveness by ensuring their successful internationalisation is a key challenge ahead of us, but also an opportunity for EU and Latin America to define concrete instruments that will foster the strategic partnership between the two regions. Also, an effective network of EU and Latin American business-support organisations is crucial to achieve these objectives.”

The document brought together the visions of almost 50 Latin American and European business leaders and opinion makers interviewed in December 2012, and aims to encourage debate among senior political and business authorities in the EU and Latin America and the Caribbean about the role of SMEs in domestic economies and the support they need to overcome their main limitation: the productivity gap with large companies.

SMEs in the EU and Latin America and the Caribbean have much in common: they are thought to represent almost 99 per cent of all firms and employ 67 per cent of all workers. They also have lower productivity and make a smaller contribution to GDP than larger companies, and have a limited share of exports.

According to ECLAC and EuroChambres, both regions’ business owners identify four interlinked areas where support policies are needed to narrow the productivity gap between SMEs and large companies: innovation to strengthen productive and management capacity, access to markets, productive linkages and business co-operation, and access to financing.

Along the same lines, business owners describe the obstacles to the internationalisation of SMEs
as including the lack of information on markets and business opportunities, scant vertical integration (in value chains) and horizontal integration (co-operation and peer associations), lack of human resources needed to manage such processes and funding problems.

The document states that, in all these areas, “it is important for public and private agencies to pursue joint and co-ordinated actions that will ensure continuity over time and will incorporate the local, regional and territorial dimensions”.

In the next few years, business leaders agree on the need to implement priority actions to promote co-operation among companies from the two regions in fields such as renewable energy, clean technology and biotechnology, particularly in the light of new world economic trends and the productive and technological specialisation of Latin America and the European Union.

Lastly, the report indicates the need to make progress in producing standardised and comparable quantitative information on the characteristics and performance of SMEs in Latin America and the Caribbean, as well as to improve the visibility and dissemination of actions, programmes and policies to support these firms.

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